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Tea Bush Hills and Sea of Bamboos

Tea Bush Hills and Sea of Bamboos

Brief Introduction

The famous Tea Bush Hills and Sea of Bamboos are located on the slopes of Jishan Mountain to the north of the urban area of Yongchuan, a mountain of 33 kilometers long, occupying an area of 116 square kilometers.

Yongchuan Tea Plantations

In the terraced fields on the slopes of the tea-bush hills there is a stretch of tea plantations of over 20,000 mu, the four major plantations being Guishan, Xuanhuasi, Qinglong and Dashanping plantations.

The Guishan Tea plantation, situated in the front part of Jishan Mountain, occupies an area of 8,000 mu of land on hills from 400 to 800 meters above sea level. The plantation was started in 1952. As there used to be many sweat-scented osmanthus on the mountain, the plantation was named Guishan (Osmanthus Mountain) plantation. Even today the top of the mountain is still a good place to enjoy the bright moon on an autumn night in the sweat-scented osmanthus trees.

In the Xuanhuasi Tea plantation there is a two-storied building named Zhu De Building, as Marshal Zhu De stayed here in 1963 to enjoy the scenery of the tea-bush hills. In recent years the Mountain Village of Chinese Tea Art has been built on the hills, consisting of an exhibition hall for tea customs of different nationalities in China, the Tourists' Tea House, the City of Delicious Food, a pottery workshop and a hotel. This is a good place for tourists to enjoy the beautiful scenery of the tea-bush hills and have a taste of the Chinese tea culture.

Yongchuan Bamboo Sea

The Sea of Bamboo in Yongchuan is a natural forest of bamboos more than 500 years old. Occupying an area of 50,000 mu of land, it is the largest of its kind in Chongqing, and the second largest in China, only smaller than the Sea of Bamboos in southern Sichuan.

In the Yongchuan Bamboos Sea there are a dozen rare and precious varieties of bamboos, including the sturdy-looking nan bamboo, the graceful-looking ci bamboo, the pretty-looking shui bamboo, the delicate-looking ku bamboo, and the rarely found man-faced bamboo, longevity bamboo and the square bamboo. The Sea of Bamboos consists of six areas, namely, the Xiniu, the Jinpen, the Shanziwan, the Baiyunwan, the Dalanya and the Jiulong bamboo seas. Among them the most fascinationg are the Jinpen Sea of Bamboo with verdant hills and limpid streams, the Baiyunwan Sea of Bamboo with its dense, tall bamboo groves and the mysterious and maze-like Dalanya Sea of Bamboo.

Tianbao Stockade

On the top of Yunding Mountain there remains trains of Tianbao Stockade. The mountain stronghold was built in 1801 in the Qing Dynasty, covering an area of 150,000 square meters. It was surrounded with a wall built with rocks, with four gates built rocks in the traditional Chinese palace style. This used to be the stronghold of Bailianjiao Church in its rebellion against the Qing court. Today some parts of the walls still remain, and the Xuanwu Gate is fairly well preserved, with the three characters for the name of the gate engraved in a bold, vigorous hand. It is a pleasure for the visitor to explore traces of history after visiting the sea of bamboos.